Europa clasifica la investigación y el desarrollo (I+D) y la innovación en 4 apartados:
- Research and development (R&D) includes statistics on expenditure, personnel and government budget allocations for R&D. Data are available by performing and funding sectors, types of costs or economic activities.
- Community Innovation Survey provides statistics about enterprises that have product and business process innovations, their strategies, knowledge management and innovation activities, as well as about factors that facilitate or hinder innovation ('innovation environment').
- High-tech includes statistics on high-tech industries and products, high-tech trade as well as knowledge-intensive services
- Human resources in science and technology (HRST) include statistics on the current stock of HRST and on the current and future supply of highly skilled persons.